Nonlinear dynamic analysis with a 48 d.o.f. curved thin shell element

Sunil Saigal, T. Y. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


The developments of an existing 48 degrees‐of‐freedom (d.o.f.), curved, quadrilateral, thin shell element, for materially and geometrically nonlinear static analysis of shell structures, are extended for the study of dynamic responses of nonlinear shells. The variable‐order polynomial representations of the shell surface and the non‐axisymmetric definition of the shell boundaries allow the study of the dynamic behaviour of a class of shell structures more general than those treated by using flat plate elements and elements with assumptions of axisymmetry. The equations of motion are based on a Lagrangian frame of reference. A combination of step‐by‐step and iterative procedures is used for the solution of nonlinear equations. The incremental equations of motion are linearized for computation purposes, and an algorithm for numerical integration based on Newmark's generalized operator for dynamic analysis, using optional iteration, is adopted. The flow theory of plasticity is used in the inelastic range, and perfectly plastic or isotropic strain hardening materials are considered. The spread of plastic zones in the thickness direction is treated by using a layered model. Numerical examples presented include the dynamic analyses of a square plate, a circular annulus, a cylindrical panel and a spherical cap. Comparisons with existing solutions demonstrate the validity and accuracy of the present developments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1115-1128
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1985
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Numerical Analysis
  • General Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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