Norbornene-functionalized diblock copolymers via ring-opening metathesis polymerization for magnetic nanoparticle stabilization

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Abstract

There are a number of strategies in molecular nanoscience to prepare stabilized magnetic nanocomposites, including the use of polymeric surfactants. Ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) was used to prepare a series of novel, well-defined diblock copolymers of bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene 2-carboxylic acid 2-cyanoethyl ester and bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene, consisting of both anchoring and steric stabilizing blocks. Cyanoester groups were incorporated into the norbornene polymers to chelate and stabilize iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles. These polynorbornene-based copolymers were characterized by GPC, along with 1H NMR, FTIR, DSC, and TGA. Nanostructured maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) magnetic ferrofluids were prepared using diblock copolymers as stabilizers in toluene or cyclohexanone, via thermal decomposition of Fe(CO)5 and subsequent oxidation of the iron nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopic images showed a highly crystalline structure of monodispersed γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles, with average particle sizes varying from 5 to 7 nm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5929-5936
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume18
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 12 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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