Observations of acoustic emissions in a hydraulically loaded granite specimen

B. Q. Li, Z. Moradian, Bruno Goncalves da Silva, J. T. Germaine

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydraulic fracturing has become increasingly prevalent in the oil and gas industry as well as in enhanced geothermal systems as a method to increase the permeability of rock masses. However, the process is still not very well understood in terms of the fracture mechanisms that occur as cracks initiate, propagate and coalesce. Laboratory tests can be useful in this regard as they provide insights into fracture behaviour during hydraulic loading under controlled conditions. This paper describes the development of an acoustic emissions setup capable of capturing a stream of data over approximately five seconds corresponding to crack initiation and propagation. The AE setup was used in a series of hydraulic fracturing experiments on granite specimens. It was found that for one particular specimen, few emissions were observed until the applied water pressure reached 90% of the failure pressure. After this point it was observed that low energy emissions were produced at a constant rate until approximately 0.1s before failure, whereupon a series of higher energy emissions occur. These higher energy emissions were compared to high speed video taken at 15 000 fps, and it was observed that significant local white patching (microcracking) occurred in this time period. Finally, crack initiation appears to be related to the onset of a high amplitude emission with a duration of 0.3s, as observed using high speed video.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication49th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium 2015
PublisherAmerican Rock Mechanics Association (ARMA)
Pages2206-2212
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781510810518
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event49th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Jun 29 2015Jul 1 2015

Publication series

Name49th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium 2015
Volume3

Other

Other49th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period6/29/157/1/15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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