Observations of Magnetic Reconnection and Particle Acceleration Locations in Solar Coronal Jets

Yixian Zhang, Sophie Musset, Lindsay Glesener, Navdeep K. Panesar, Gregory D. Fleishman

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Abstract

We present a multiwavelength analysis of two flare-related jets on 2014 November 13, using data from the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (SDO/AIA), the Reuven High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI), the Hinode/X-ray Telescope (XRT), and the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS). Unlike most coronal jets, where hard X-ray (HXR) emissions are usually observed near the jet base, in these events HXR emissions are found at several locations, including in the corona. We carry out the first differential emission measure analysis that combines both AIA (and XRT, when available) bandpass filter data and RHESSI HXR measurements for coronal jets, and obtain self-consistent results across a wide temperature range and into nonthermal energies. In both events, hot plasma first appears at the jet base, but as the base plasma gradually cools, hot plasma also appears near the jet top. Moreover, nonthermal electrons, while only mildly energetic, are found in multiple HXR locations and contain large amounts of total energy. In particular, the energetic electrons that produce the HXR sources at the jet top are accelerated near the top location, rather than traveling from a reconnection site at the jet base. This means that there is more than one particle acceleration site in each event. Jet velocities are consistent with previous studies, including the upward and downward velocities around ∼200 km s−1 and ∼100 km s−1, respectively, and fast outflows of 400-700 km s−1. We also examine the energy partition in the later event, and find that the nonthermal energy in the accelerated electrons is most significant compared to the other energy forms considered. We discuss the interpretations and provide constraints on the mechanisms for coronal jet formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number180
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume943
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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