Bernard Friedland

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


An observer for a dynamic system S(x, y, u) with state x, output y, and input u is another dynamic system S(x, y, u) having the property that the state x of the observer S converges to the state x of the process S, independent of the input u or the state x.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Control Systems Handbook
Subtitle of host publicationControl System Advanced Methods, Second Edition
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9781420073652
ISBN (Print)9781420073645
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


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