On optimizing green energy utilization for cellular networks with hybrid energy supplies

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207 Scopus citations


Green communications has received much attention recently. For cellular networks, the base stations (BSs) account for more than 50 percent of the energy consumption of the networks. Therefore, reducing the power consumption of BSs is crucial to achieve green cellular networks. With the development of green energy technologies, BSs are able to be powered by green energy in order to reduce the on-grid energy consumption, thus reducing the CO2 footprints. In this paper, we envision that the BSs of future cellular networks are powered by both on-grid energy and green energy. We optimize the energy utilization in such networks by maximizing the utilization of green energy, and thus saving on-grid energy. The optimal usage of green energy depends on the characteristics of the energy generation and the mobile traffic, which exhibit both temporal and spatial diversities. We decompose the problem into two sub-problems: the multi-stage energy allocation problem and the multi-BSs energy balancing problem. We propose algorithms to solve these sub-problems, and subsequently solve the green energy optimization problem. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed solution achieves significant on-grid energy savings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6517783
Pages (from-to)3872-3882
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


  • Green communications
  • cellular networks
  • energy efficient networking
  • renewable energy


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