To study the evolution of two-dimensional large amplitude internal waves in a two-layer system with variable bottom topography, a new asymptotic model is derived. The model can be obtained from the original Euler equations for weakly rotational flows under the long-wave approximation, without making any smallness assumption on the wave amplitude, and it is asymptotically equivalent to the strongly nonlinear model proposed by Choi and Camassa (1999) . This new set of equations extends the regularized model for one-dimensional waves proposed by Choi et al. (2009) , known to be free from shear instability for a wide range of physical parameters. The two-dimensional generalization exhibits new terms in the equations, related to rotational effects of the flow, and possesses a conservation law for the vertical vorticity. Furthermore, it is proved that if this vorticity is initially zero everywhere in space, then it will remain so for all time. This property-in clear contrast with the original strongly nonlinear model formulated in terms of depth-averaged velocity fields-allows us to simplify the model by focusing on the case when the velocity fields involved by large amplitude waves are irrotational. Weakly two-dimensional and weakly nonlinear limits are then discussed. Finally, after investigating the shear stability of the regularized model for flat bottom, the effect of slowly-varying bottom topography is included in the model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Applied Mathematics
- Internal waves
- Strongly nonlinear model