We consider the 2-dimensional channel assignment problem: given a set S of iso-oriented rectangles (whose sides are parallel to the coordinate axes), find a minimum number of planes (channels) to which only nonoverlapping rectangles are assigned. This problem is equivalent to the coloring problem of the rectangle intersection graph G = (V, E), in which each vertex in V corresponds to a rectangle and two vertices are adjacent iff their corresponding rectangles overlap, and we ask for an assignment of a minimum number of colors to the vertices such that no adjacent vertices are assigned the same color. We show that the problem is NP-hard.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- 2-dimensional channel assignment
- coloring problem
- rectangle intersection graphs