Spectral compression of the geometry of triangle meshes achieves good results in practice, but there has been little or no theoretical support for the optimality of this compression. We show that, for certain classes of geometric mesh models, spectral decomposition using the eigenvectors of the symmetric Laplacian of the connectivity graph is equivalent to principal component analysis on that class, when equipped with a natural probability distribution. Our proof treats connected one-and two-dimensional meshes with fixed convex boundaries, and is based on an asymptotic approximation of the probability distribution in the two-dimensional case. The key component of the proof is that the Laplacian is identical, up to a constant factor, to the inverse covariance matrix of the distribution of valid mesh geometries. Hence, spectral compression is optimal, in the mean square error sense, for these classes of meshes under some natural assumptions on their distribution.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
- Spectral decomposition
- Triangle mesh