On the relationship between magnetic fields and supergranule velocity fields

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Abstract

We studied the size, correlation lifetime and horizontal velocity amplitude of supergranules in regions with different magnetic activity. We found that the supergranule velocity cells have similar scale, correlation lifetime and horizontal velocity amplitude in the unipolar enhanced magnetic network regions and in the mixed-polarity quiet Sun. However, the correlation lifetime of magnetic structure is much longer in the enhanced network. We investigated the velocity pattern of moving magnetic features (MMF) surrounding a decaying sunspot. The velocity of MMFs is consistent with the outflow surrounding the sunspot as measured by Dopplergrams. The velocity cell surrounding the sunspot has a much larger velocity amplitude and a longer lifetime than regular supergranule cells. We found that ephemeral regions (ER) have a slight tendency to emerge at or near boundaries of supergranules. Almost all the magnetic flux disappears at the supergranule boundaries. In most cases, two poles of cancelling features with opposite magnetic polarities approach along the boundaries of supergranules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-358
Number of pages16
JournalSolar Physics
Volume117
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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