We consider the relaxation of an unstable distribution of fast non-relativistic electrons. Langmuir turbulence generated by the electrons is found to determine the saturation of an electron-cyclotron maser. The important role of nonlinear processes in Langmuir and electromagnetic waves is shown. The characteristic saturation time is about 1 ms. It is shown that both cyclotron maser emission and the transformation of plasma waves to transverse ones can be essential in the formation of observable radio spectra from solar flares.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science