One- and two-photon photochemical stability of linear and branched fluorene derivatives

Claudia C. Corredor, Kevin D. Belfield, Mykhailo V. Bondar, Olga V. Przhonska, Sheng Yao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Photochemical decomposition of the fluorene derivatives, 4,4′-[[9,9-bis(ethyl)-9H-fluorene-2,7-diyl]di-2,1-ethenediyl]bis(N,N-diphenyl)benzeneamine (1) and 4,4′,4″-[[9,9-bis(ethyl)-9H-fluorene-2,4,7-triyl]tri-2,1-ethenediyl]tris(N,N-diphenyl)benzeneamine (2), were investigated in pTHF under one- (UV-lamp) and two-photon (femtosecond laser) excitation. The quantum yields of the photoreactions were determined by absorption and fluorescence methods in air-saturated and deoxygenated solutions. The values of quantum yields were in the range (1.5-2.1) × 10-6 for both types of irradiation, indicating that similar photobleaching processes occur under both one- and two-photon excitation. Deoxygenation of pTHF increased photostability of 1 and 2 by over an order of magnitude relative to air-saturated solutions. A cursory examination of some of the photochemical products (analyzed by HPLC and APCI-MS spectroscopy techniques) revealed an important role of ground state oxygen in the photoreactions, since no oxidation products were observed upon irradiation in the presence of the well know singlet oxygen sensitizer methylene blue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-112
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Nov 15 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • Fluorene photostability
  • Photobleaching
  • Photodecomposition
  • Two-photon absorption


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