Opportunities for Accessible Virtual Reality Design for Immersive Musical Performances for Blind and Low-Vision People

Khang Dang, Hamdi Korreshi, Yasir Iqbal, Sooyeon Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Blind and low-vision (BLV) individuals often face challenges in their attendance and appreciation of musical performances (e.g., concerts, musicals, opera) due to limited mobility and accessibility of visual information. However, the emergence of Virtual Reality (VR) based musical performance as a common medium of music access opens up opportunities to mitigate the challenges and enhance the musical experiences by investigating non-visual VR accessibility. This study aims to 1) gain an in-depth understanding of the experiences of BLV individuals, including their preferences, challenges, and needs in listening to and accessing various modes (audio, video, and on-site experiences) of music and musical performances and 2) explore the opportunities that VR can create for making the immersive musical experiences accessible for BLV people. Using a mixed-methods approach, we conducted an online survey and a semi-structured interview study with 102 and 25 BLV participants, respectively. Our findings suggest design opportunities for making the VR space non-visually accessible for BLV individuals, enabling them to participate equally in the VR world and to further access immersive musical performances created by VR technology. Our research contributes to the growing body of knowledge on accessibility in virtual environments, particularly in the context of music listening and appreciation for BLV individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - SUI 2023
Subtitle of host publicationACM Symposium on Spatial User Interaction
EditorsStephen N. Spencer
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
ISBN (Electronic)9798400702815
StatePublished - Oct 13 2023
Externally publishedYes
Event2023 ACM Symposium on Spatial User Interaction, SUI 2023 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: Oct 13 2023Oct 15 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings - SUI 2023: ACM Symposium on Spatial User Interaction


Conference2023 ACM Symposium on Spatial User Interaction, SUI 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human-Computer Interaction


  • Accessibility for Blind and Low Vision People
  • Multimodal Interaction
  • Non-Visual Feedback Modalities
  • VR Mediated Musical Performance
  • Virtual Reality


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