This article presents a decentralized optimal controller design technique for the frequency and power control of a coupled wind turbine and diesel generator. The decentralized controller consists of two proportional-integral (PI)-lead controllers which are designed and optimized simultaneously using a quasi-Newton based optimization technique, namely, Davidon–Fletcher–Powell algorithm. The optimal PI-lead controllers are designed in such a way that there are no communication links between them. Simulation results show the superior performance of the proposed controller with a lower order structure compared to the benchmark decentralized linear-quadratic Gaussian integral controllers of orders 4 and 11. It is also shown that the proposed controller demonstrates an effective performance in damping the disturbances from load and wind power, as well as a robust performance against the parameter changes of the power system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Control and Optimization
- Applied Mathematics
- decentralized optimal controller
- frequency and power control