Optimal masks for low-degree solar acoustic modes

T. Toutain, A. G. Kosovichev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


We suggest a solution to an important problem in observational helioseismology of the separation of lines of solar acoustic (p) modes of low angular degree in oscillation power spectra by constructing optimal masks for Doppler images of the Sun. Accurate measurements of oscillation frequencies of low-degree modes are essential for the determination of the structure and rotation of the solar core. However, these measurements for a particular mode are often affected by leakage of other p-modes arising when the Doppler images are projected on to spherical harmonic masks. The leakage results in overlapping peaks corresponding to different oscillation modes in the power spectra. In this Letter, we present a method for calculating optimal masks for a given (target) mode by minimizing the signals of other modes appearing in its vicinity. We apply this method to time series of 2 yr obtained from the Michelson Doppler Imager instrument on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory space mission and demonstrate its ability to reduce efficiently the mode leakage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L211-L214
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 PART 2
StatePublished - May 10 2000
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Sun: Oscillations


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimal masks for low-degree solar acoustic modes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this