TY - JOUR

T1 - Optimal replenishment rate for inventory systems with compound Poisson demands and lost sales

T2 - a direct treatment of time-average cost

AU - Katehakis, Michael N.

AU - Melamed, Benjamin

AU - Shi, Jim Junmin

N1 - Funding Information:
The first author would like to acknowledge the support for this project from the National Science Foundation (NSF grant CMMI-14-50743). The third author was supported in part by Research Seed Grant and Startup Grant at NJIT and Seed Grant by Leir Charitable Foundation.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

PY - 2022/10

Y1 - 2022/10

N2 - Supply contracts are designed to minimize inventory costs or to hedge against undesirable events (e.g., shortages) in the face of demand or supply uncertainty. In particular, replenishment terms stipulated by supply contracts need to be optimized with respect to overall costs, profits, service levels, etc. In this paper, we shall be primarily interested in minimizing an inventory cost function with respect to a constant replenishment rate. Consider a single-product inventory system under continuous review with constant replenishment and compound Poisson demands subject to lost-sales. The system incurs inventory carrying costs and lost-sales penalties, where the carrying cost is a linear function of on-hand inventory and a lost-sales penalty is incurred per lost sale occurrence as a function of lost-sale size. We first derive an integro-differential equation for the expected cumulative cost until and including the first lost-sale occurrence. From this equation, we obtain a closed form expression for the time-average inventory cost, and provide an algorithm for a numerical computation of the optimal replenishment rate that minimizes the aforementioned time-average cost function. In particular, we consider two special cases of lost-sales penalty functions: constant penalty and loss-proportional penalty. We further consider special demand size distributions, such as constant, uniform and Gamma, and take advantage of their functional form to further simplify the optimization algorithm. In particular, for the special case of exponential demand sizes, we exhibit a closed form expression for the optimal replenishment rate and its corresponding cost. Finally, a numerical study is carried out to illustrate the results.

AB - Supply contracts are designed to minimize inventory costs or to hedge against undesirable events (e.g., shortages) in the face of demand or supply uncertainty. In particular, replenishment terms stipulated by supply contracts need to be optimized with respect to overall costs, profits, service levels, etc. In this paper, we shall be primarily interested in minimizing an inventory cost function with respect to a constant replenishment rate. Consider a single-product inventory system under continuous review with constant replenishment and compound Poisson demands subject to lost-sales. The system incurs inventory carrying costs and lost-sales penalties, where the carrying cost is a linear function of on-hand inventory and a lost-sales penalty is incurred per lost sale occurrence as a function of lost-sale size. We first derive an integro-differential equation for the expected cumulative cost until and including the first lost-sale occurrence. From this equation, we obtain a closed form expression for the time-average inventory cost, and provide an algorithm for a numerical computation of the optimal replenishment rate that minimizes the aforementioned time-average cost function. In particular, we consider two special cases of lost-sales penalty functions: constant penalty and loss-proportional penalty. We further consider special demand size distributions, such as constant, uniform and Gamma, and take advantage of their functional form to further simplify the optimization algorithm. In particular, for the special case of exponential demand sizes, we exhibit a closed form expression for the optimal replenishment rate and its corresponding cost. Finally, a numerical study is carried out to illustrate the results.

KW - Compound Poisson

KW - Continuous replenishment

KW - Integro-differential equation

KW - Lost sales

KW - Production-inventory systems

KW - Replenishment rate

KW - Time-average cost

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U2 - 10.1007/s10479-015-1998-y

DO - 10.1007/s10479-015-1998-y

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84944544243

SN - 0254-5330

VL - 317

SP - 665

EP - 691

JO - Annals of Operations Research

JF - Annals of Operations Research

IS - 2

ER -