Optimization of hydraulic fracturing design in unconventional formations: Impact of treatment parameters

Oladoyin Kolawole, Sajjad Esmaeilpour, Rabia Hunky, Laila Saleh, Haiat K. Ali-Alhaj, Mouna Marghani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Due to technical and economical limitations of hydrofracturing operations in unconventional reservoirs worldwide, an optimized hydraulic fracturing design is critical to achieve a successful well stimulation operation. The number and length of perforation clusters in each stage, proppant and fluid frac compatibilities, and optimum spacing, are some of the challenges inhibiting successful hydraulic fracturing operations across the world. In this study, we aim to investigate the effects of varying fracture-cluster lengths, proppant types and sizes, and frac fluid types, on hydraulic fracturing treatments using 2D and 3D simulation models. Our study relies on petrophysical log data, geologic data, well data, reservoir data, and production data from a well in the Eagle Ford shale formation. Firstly, we created stress log and developed a stress profile to determine fracture initiation location and orientation. We selected different combinations of frac-fluids and proppant types, 5 fracture-cluster lengths in a single stage, 2 different spacing lengths between fracture clusters, determined the maximum allowable treatment pressure, and selected an ideal fracture propagation model. Secondly, we selected an optimum treatment size, followed by performing the production forecast and the net present value analyses. In the third task, we determine the optimal specifications of the fracturing fluid and proppant, fluid volume and proppant weight, followed by creating a schedule for fluid injection and proppant mixing, and injection pressure profile prediction. Our results show that greater cluster lengths provide better and optimized hydraulic fracture treatment in some cases because of greater proppant coverage, fracture conductivity, stimulated reservoir volume (SRV), fracture half-length, and propped length. In the results obtained from varying proppant sizes and frac fluids in cases 2 and 3, we observed that Northern White 30-50 proppant produced a lower fracture conductivity (average of 2.0 md-ft) and fracture half-length (91 to 123 ft), in comparison with proppant composed of Badger 100 mesh and RC Sand PC 16-30, which achieved a greater fracture conductivity (> 3.0 md-ft) and fracture half-length (129 to 148 ft). In the 3 cases we investigated, we observed that stress shadowing and interference hindered the growing fractures which eventually led to a collapse of some fractures. We believe that our preliminary study will provide valuable critical decision-making during hydraulic fracturing operations in various unconventional formations across the world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Kuwait Oil and Gas Show and Conference 2019, KOGS 2019
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9781613996744
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
EventSPE Kuwait Oil and Gas Show and Conference 2019, KOGS 2019 - Mishref, Kuwait
Duration: Oct 13 2019Oct 16 2019

Publication series

NameSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Kuwait Oil and Gas Show and Conference 2019, KOGS 2019

Conference

ConferenceSPE Kuwait Oil and Gas Show and Conference 2019, KOGS 2019
Country/TerritoryKuwait
CityMishref
Period10/13/1910/16/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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