Optimized array-based spatially-coupled LDPC Codes: An absorbing set approach

Behzad Amiri, Amirhossein Reisizadeh, Jorg Kliewer, Lara Dolecek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Scopus citations


In the infinite blocklength regime, spatially-coupled LDPC codes are capable of achieving capacity-approaching performance under message-passing decoding. In the finite blocklength regime, it is known that absorbing sets compete with the codewords to be the output of sub-optimal message-passing decoders: the existence of such sets in the Tanner graph of LDPC codes causes performance degradation in the low error rate region. This paper presents a mathematical approach to finding the exact number of absorbing sets in array-based spatially-coupled (AB-SC) codes. Our analysis is universal in the sense that it is in principle applicable to absorbing sets of any size. Moreover, all design parameters of AB-SC codes such as the coupling length, the circulant size, and the cutting vector are considered in the presented count. Based on our analysis, we present an approach to find provably minimal cutting vectors, with respect to the number of absorbing sets, for the construction of AB-SC codes with various circulant sizes. Simulation results show the superior error floor performance of AB-SC codes with the minimal cutting vector compared to AB-SC codes with randomly-selected cutting vectors. We also provide the average number of non-binary absorbing sets in the Tanner graph of non-binary AB-SC codes constructed by uninformed (random) assignment of edge weights to a binary AB-SC code.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781467377041
StatePublished - Sep 28 2015
EventIEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2015 - Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Duration: Jun 14 2015Jun 19 2015

Publication series

NameIEEE International Symposium on Information Theory - Proceedings
ISSN (Print)2157-8095


OtherIEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, ISIT 2015
Country/TerritoryHong Kong
CityHong Kong

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Information Systems
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Applied Mathematics


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