Optimizing Temperature Setting for Decomposition Furnace Based on Attention Mechanism and Neural Networks

Shangkun Liu, Wei Shen, Chase Q. Wu, Xukang Lyu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The temperature setting for a decomposition furnace is of great importance for maintaining the normal operation of the furnace and other equipment in a cement plant and ensuring the output of high-quality cement products. Based on the principles of deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs), long short-term memory networks (LSTMs), and attention mechanisms, we propose a CNN-LSTM-A model to optimize the temperature settings for a decomposition furnace. The proposed model combines the features selected by Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (Lasso) with others suggested by domain experts as inputs, and uses CNN to mine spatial features, LSTM to extract time series information, and an attention mechanism to optimize weights. We deploy sensors to collect production measurements at a real-life cement factory for experimentation and investigate the impact of hyperparameter changes on the performance of the proposed model. Experimental results show that CNN-LSTM-A achieves a superior performance in terms of prediction accuracy over existing models such as the basic LSTM model, deep-convolution-based LSTM model, and attention-mechanism-based LSTM model. The proposed model has potentials for wide deployment in cement plants to automate and optimize the operation of decomposition furnaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9754
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • CNN
  • LSTM
  • attention mechanism
  • optimal setting
  • sensor


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