Organic matters adsorbed on goethite inhibited the heterogeneous aggregation and adsorption of CdSe quantum dots: Experiments and extended DLVO theory

Weiyu Liang, Wen Zhang, Xuechun Shao, Kailin Gong, Chengpeng Su, Wei Zhang, Cheng Peng

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The widespread use of Cd-based quantum dots (Cd-QDs) has led to their inevitable release into the environment, and the prevalent iron oxides and natural organic matter (NOM) are the key factors affecting the environmental behavior and fate of Cd-QDs. However, the impact of NOM adsorbed on iron oxides on the behavior of Cd-QDs with iron oxides and the mechanism of its interaction are not clear. In this study, two kinds of water-soluble QDs (CdSe QDs and core-shell CdSe/ZnS QDs) were selected to study the aggregation and adsorption behavior on goethite (Goe) and goethite-humic acid/fulvic acid composites (Goe-HA/FA). Aggregation kinetics and adsorption experiments between QDs and Goe(-HA/FA), characterization, and extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (XDLVO) theory calculations indicated that electrostatic interaction was the dominant force for QDs adsorption on Goe(-HA/FA). HA/FA changed the surface charge of Goe and increased the electrostatic repulsion and steric hindrance between the particles, which in turn inhibited the adsorption of QDs on Goe. Besides, unsubstituted aromatic carbons, carboxy carbons, and carbonyl carbons played an important role in the adsorption process, and chemisorption occurred between QDs and Goe(-HA/FA). Our findings are important for better assessing the transport, fate, and potential environmental impacts and risks of Cd-QDs in iron-rich environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number133769
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume467
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 5 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Keywords

  • Aggregation
  • CdSe quantum dots
  • Goethite
  • Interaction mechanism
  • Organic matter

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