Overview of Spintronic Sensors with Internet of Things for Smart Living

Xuyang Liu, K. H. Lam, Ke Zhu, Chao Zheng, Xu Li, Yimeng Du, Chunhua Liu, Philip W.T. Pong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Smart living is a trending and connected lifestyle that envisions efficient and sustainable energy utilization, stable and reliable power supply, intelligent and coordinated transportation and mobility, and personalized and cost-effective healthcare. Its realization needs the Internet of Things (IoT). IoT is a compelling platform connecting trillions of sensors and collecting data for connectivity and analytics. It is more advanced than traditional monitoring systems where limited sensors and wired communication can merely collect fragmented data in the application domains. Spintronic sensors with the superb measuring ability and multiple unique advantages can be one of the critical sensing devices supporting the IoT and enabling smart living. In this paper, we review successful applications of individual spintronic sensors in electrical current sensing, transmission and distribution lines monitoring, vehicle detection, and biodetection that can help to fulfill the promises of smart living in energy management, power delivery, transport, and healthcare. The wireless spintronic sensor networks (WSSNs) working at the massive interconnected network level are proposed and illustrated to provide pervasive monitoring systems, which facilitate the intelligent surveillance and management over building, power grid, transport, and healthcare. The database of collected information will be of great use to policy making in public services and city planning. This paper provides insights for realizing smart living through the integration of IoT with spintronic sensor technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8789691
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Volume55
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • smart living
  • spintronic sensors
  • wireless spintronic sensor network (WSSN)

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