Dehydration of aprotic solvents, frequently needed in pharmaceutical processing, can be implemented easily by vacuum-based pervaporation employing a novel perfluoropolymer-based membrane: perfluoro-2,2-dimethyl-1,1,3-dioxole copolymerized with tetrafluoroethylene (PDD-TFE). Possessing one of the highest fractional free volumes, this polymer is resistant to most solvents including N,N-dimethyl formamide (DMF), N,N-dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), and N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc). Results were obtained using a 25μm thick dense polymeric membrane supported by a porous polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) sheet. Maximum water flux values found for a 90wt% aprotic solvent feed were as follows: 77g/(m 2h) for DMF-water mixture at 50°C; 9.8g/(m 2h) for DMSO-water mixture at 30°C; 9g/(m 2h) for DMAc-water mixture at 50°C. Excellent pervaporation separation factors for water over these aprotic solvents were obtained for mixtures containing 1, 5 and 10wt% water in the temperature range 30-60°C. The separation factors varied between 1000 and 12,000 depending on the water content, temperature and the solvent species. Such highly selective water removal in pervaporation has been achieved earlier in dehydration of ethanol by NaA zeolite membranes which however achieve an order of magnitude lower selectivity in for example, DMF-water system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Filtration and Separation
- Dehydration of aprotic solvents
- High water-solvent selectivity
- PDD-TFE copolymer membrane