Performance bound for localization of a near field source

Vlad M. Chiriac, Alexander M. Haimovich, Stuart C. Schwartz, Jason A. Dabin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations


The Ziv-Zakai bound (ZZB) is developed for the estimation error of a radiating source located in a plane, and observed by sensors widely distributed over the same plane. The source is non-cooperative in the sense that the transmitted waveform and its timing are unknown to the sensors. The sensors do have however, information on the power spectral density of the source. Moreover, sensors have ideal mutual time and phase synchronization. The source location is estimated by coherent processing exploiting the amplitude and phase information between pairs of sensors. An analytical expression is developed for the ZZB relating the estimation error to the carrier frequency, signal bandwidth, the number of sensors, and their location. Numerical examples demonstrate that the ZZB closely predicts the performance of the maximum likelihood estimate across the full range of signal to noise ratio (SNR) values. At low SNR, the ZZB bound demonstrates performance dominated by noise, at medium SNR, the performance is dictated by the presence of sidelobes in the localization metric, and at high SNR, it is shown that the ZZB converges to the Cramer-Rao bound.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationConference Record - 43rd Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Event43rd Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers - Pacific Grove, CA, United States
Duration: Nov 1 2009Nov 4 2009


Other43rd Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPacific Grove, CA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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