Photocatalytic oxidation of norfloxacin by Zn0.9Fe0.1S supported on Ni-foam under visible light irradiation

Guangshan Zhang, Yanei Xue, Qiao Wang, Peng Wang, Hong Yao, Wen Zhang, Jinbo Zhao, Yang Li

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35 Scopus citations


Norfloxacin (NOR) is an emerging antibiotics contaminant due to its high resistance to microbial degradation and natural weathering. In this study, Fe-doped ZnS photocatalyst (Zn0.9Fe0.1S) was deposited on nickel foam (Ni-foam) to improve photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation. The mass ratio of Zn0.9Fe0.1S and Ni-foam was optimized to be 0.03 g catalyst versus per g Ni-foam (0.03 Zn0.9Fe0.1S/Ni-foam), which led to the highest removal rate of 95%. The optimal degradation condition for NOR over 0.03 Zn0.9Fe0.1S/Ni-foam was pH at 7.0, initial NOR concentration of 5 mg L−1, and initial photocatalyst concentration of 11.7 g L−1, with the highest first-order reaction rate constant of 0.025 min−1 and mineralization rate of 63.1%. The NOR removal rate on 0.03 Zn0.9Fe0.1S/Ni-foam photocatalyst (95%) was approximately four times of that obtained on Zn0.9Fe0.1S photocatalyst (25%). The increased photocatalytic performance could be attributed to the function of Ni-foam as excellent electron collectors that provided efficient photoinduced charge separation from Zn0.9Fe0.1S. The reactive species responsible for the degradation of NOR were photo-generated holes, hydroxyl radical, and superoxide radicals. Nearly 90% of the photocatalytic efficiency was retained over seven cycles and the released metal ion concentrations were <0.3% of the total mass of photocatalyst, suggesting high stability of the photocatalyst during the photocatalytic reactions. The aqueous/solid mass transfer and intraparticle mass transfer for Zn0.9Fe0.1S/Ni-foam were not limiting factors for the degradation of NOR. Therefore the Zn0.9Fe0.1S/Ni-foam photocatalyst could be applied in the degradation of hazardous pollutants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-415
Number of pages10
StatePublished - Sep 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


  • Norfloxacin
  • Photocatalysis
  • Reactive species
  • Visible light
  • ZnFeS/Ni-foam


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