The results of photoluminescence (PL) and electroluminescence (EL) studies from partially oxidized porous silicon (POPS) layers are presented. The PL from POPS is stable, peaks at 600-570 nm and its temperature dependence can be fitted by an exponential law with an activation energy Ea ≈ 10 meV. The current-voltage characteristics of Au-(POPS)-crystalline silicon (c-Si) structures follow a power law I ≈ Vn. When the index n becomes higher than 2, electroluminescence (EL) is found. The EL peaks at 760 nm and is stable for more than 100 hours of operation. The intensity of the EL is a linear function of current for all measured structures up to current density J ≈ 1 A/cm2. Our results suggest that partiálly oxidized porous silicon is more useful for device applications than freshly anodized porous silicon which has unstable properties or than fully oxidized porous silicon in which transport is poor.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry