Porous Fe2O3 nanorods anchored on nitrogen-doped graphenes and ultrathin Al2O3 coating by atomic layer deposition for long-lived lithium ion battery anode

Tao Hu, Ming Xie, Jing Zhong, Hong Tao Sun, Xiang Sun, Spencer Scott, Steven M. George, Chang Sheng Liu, Jie Lian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Porous iron oxide (Fe2O3) nanorods anchored on nitrogen-doped graphene sheets (NGr) were synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal route. After a simple microwave treatment, the iron oxide and graphene composite (NGr-I-M) exhibits excellent electrochemical performances as an anode for lithium ion battery (LIB). A high reversible capacity of 1016 mAh g -1 can be reached at 0.1 A g-1. When NGr-I-M electrode was further coated by 2 ALD cycles of ultrathin Al 2O3 film, the first cycle Coulombic efficiency (CE), rate performance and cycling stability of the coated electrode can be greatly improved. A stable capacity of 508 mAh g-1 can be achieved at 2 A g-1 for 200 cycles, and an impressive capacity of 249 mAh g-1 at 20 A g-1 can be maintained without capacity fading for 2000 cycles. The excellent electrochemical performance can be attributed to the synergy of porous iron oxide structures, nitrogen-doped graphene framework, and ultrathin Al 2O3 film coating. These results highlight the importance of a rational design of electrode materials improving ionic and electron transports, and potential of using ALD ultrathin coatings to mitigate capacity fading for ultrafast and long-life battery electrodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-147
Number of pages7
JournalCarbon
Volume76
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Porous Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> nanorods anchored on nitrogen-doped graphenes and ultrathin Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> coating by atomic layer deposition for long-lived lithium ion battery anode'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this