Prediction of forelimb muscle EMGs from the corticospinal signals in rats

Sinan Gok, Mesut Sahin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

To generate voluntary forearm movements, the information that is encoded in the activity of the cortical neurons has to travel through the spinal cord and activate the skeletal muscles. The axons carrying these signals are tightly bundled together in the descending tracts that control the spinal circuitry innervating the forearm muscles. In this paper, we show that corticospinal tract (CST) signals can be used to predict forearm electromyographic (EMG) activities that are recorded during an isometric-pull task. Rats were trained to pull on a metal bar through a window. A flexible-substrate multi-electrode array was chronically implanted into the dorsal column of the cervical spinal cord. Field potentials and multi-unit activities were recorded from the descending axons of the CST while the rat performed the task. Forelimb forces and EMG signals from a wrist extensor and a flexor, and the biceps and triceps were reconstructed using the neural signals in multiple sessions over three weeks. The regression coefficients found from the trial set were cross-validated on the other trials recorded on the same day. The maximum correlation coefficient between the actual and predicted signal was for the biceps (R=0.88). These results suggest the feasibility of an EMG-based spinal-cord-computer-interface (SCCI) for subjects with spinal cord injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2780-2783
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781457702204
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 13 2016
Event38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2016 - Orlando, United States
Duration: Aug 16 2016Aug 20 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2016-October
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period8/16/168/20/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Prediction of forelimb muscle EMGs from the corticospinal signals in rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this