Preliminary studies of CO2 removal from precombustion syngas through pressure swing membrane absorption process with ionic liquid as absorbent

Xingming Jie, John Chau, Gordana Obuskovic, Kamalesh K. Sirkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide ([bmim][DCA]) as the absorbent and either hydrophobized porous ceramic tubule or hydrophobized polyether ether ketone (PEEK)-based porous hollow fiber membranes, we have carried out preliminary studies for CO2 removal from simulated precombustion syngas by a pressure swing membrane absorption process. We have used He as a surrogate for H2 (40% CO2 rest He) up to a temperature of 100 C and a pressure of 250 psig. A novel 5-valve system was designed to improve product quality. The optimal duration for the key absorption step was determined, and the influence of helium-rich product withdrawal time was investigated. Temperature increase will degrade product quality, so adding polyamidoamine dendrimer of generation 0 to [bmim][DCA] will mitigate the temperature effect, and 15 wt % dendrimer in [bmim][DCA] showed the best performance. Feed pressure increase will degrade helium product quality, while it is beneficial for CO2 product quality, since more CO2 will be absorbed with a higher feed pressure. When feed gas pressure was 250 psig at CO2 side ∼88.2% CO2-enriched gas product was produced. Using a simulated two-stage large PEEK module system, with a 14.0% CO2 balance helium gas mixture, helium product with CO2 concentration as low as 4.2-5.8% could be achieved at different temperatures. A brief analysis has been provided to explain why a PEEK membrane module shows much better performance than the ceramic tubule.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8783-8799
Number of pages17
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume52
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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