Preventing diet-induced obesity in mice by adipose tissue transformation and angiogenesis using targeted nanoparticles

Yuan Xue, Xiaoyang Xu, Xue Qing Zhang, Omid C. Farokhzad, Robert Langer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

The incidence of obesity, which is recognized by the American Medical Association as a disease, has nearly doubled since 1980, and obesity-related comorbidities have become a major threat to human health. Given that adipose tissue expansion and transformation require active growth of new blood vasculature, angiogenesis offers a potential target for the treatment of obesityassociated disorders. Here we construct two peptide-functionalized nanoparticle (NP) platforms to deliver either Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma (PPARgamma) activator rosiglitazone (Rosi) or prostaglandin E2 analog (16,16-dimethyl PGE2) to adipose tissue vasculature. These NPs were engineered through self-assembly of a biodegradable triblock polymer composed of end-to-end linkages between poly(lactic-coglycolic acid)-b-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLGA-b-PEG) and an endothelial-targeted peptide. In this system, released Rosi promotes both transformation of white adipose tissue (WAT) into brown-like adipose tissue and angiogenesis, which facilitates the homing of targeted NPs to adipose angiogenic vessels, thereby amplifying their delivery. We show that i.v. administration of these NPs can target WAT vasculature, stimulate the angiogenesis that is required for the transformation of adipose tissue, and transform WAT into brown-like adipose tissue, by the up-regulation of angiogenesis and brown adipose tissue markers. In a diet-induced obese mouse model, these angiogenesis-targeted NPs have inhibited body weight gain and modulated several serological markers including cholesterol, triglyceride, and insulin, compared with the control group. These findings suggest that angiogenesis-targeting moieties with angiogenic stimulator-loaded NPs could be incorporated into effective therapeutic regimens for clinical treatment of obesity and other metabolic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5552-5557
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume113
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Angiogenesis
  • Nanoparticle
  • Targeting
  • Transformation

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