Programming learners' perceptions of interactive computer tutors and human teachers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


People often learn programming in face-to-face courses or from online tutorials. Interactive computer tutors-systems that provide learning content interactively-are becoming more common in online tools such as those teaching computer programming. Studies have shown that teachers, interactive computer tutors, and the combination of both are efficient and effective in teaching programming. However, there is limited understanding of the comparative perspectives of those learning from these two different sources. We conducted an exploratory study using semi-structured interviews and recruited 20 participants with programming experience from both teachers and interactive computer tutors. Speaking with our participants, we surfaced factors that learners like and dislike about the two learning resources and discussed the strengths and weaknesses between the two. Based on our findings, we discuss implications for designs that programming educators and interactive computer tutor developers can use to improve their teaching effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-142
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • General Engineering


  • Computing education
  • Human teachers
  • Interactive computing tutors
  • Student perspectives
  • Tutors


Dive into the research topics of 'Programming learners' perceptions of interactive computer tutors and human teachers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this