Psychoradiology is an emerging field that applies radiological imaging technologies to psychiatric conditions. In the past three decades, brain imaging techniques have rapidly advanced understanding of illness and treatment effects in psychiatry. Based on these advances, radiologists have become increasingly interested in applying these advances for differential diagnosis and individualized patient care selection for common psychiatric illnesses. This shift from research to clinical practice represents the beginning evolution of psychoradiology. In this review, we provide a summary of recent progress relevant to this field based on their clinical functions, namely the (1) classification and subtyping; (2) prediction and monitoring of treatment outcomes; and (3) treatment selection. In addition, we provide guidelines for the practice of psychoradiology in clinical settings and suggestions for future research to validate broader clinical applications. Given the high prevalence of psychiatric disorders and the importance of increased participation of radiologists in this field, a guide regarding advances in this field and a description of relevant clinical work flow patterns help radiologists contribute to this fast-evolving field.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging