Rate-distortion optimized frame dropping and scheduling for multi-user conversational and streaming video

Wei Tu, Jacob Chakareski, Eckehard Steinbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We propose a rate-distortion (RD) optimized strategy for frame-dropping and scheduling of multi-user conversational and streaming videos. We consider a scenario where conversational and streaming videos share the forwarding resources at a network node. Two buffers are setup on the node to temporarily store the packets for these two types of video applications. For streaming video, a big buffer is used as the associated delay constraint of the application is moderate and a very small buffer is used for conversational video to ensure that the forwarding delay of every packet is limited. A scheduler is located behind these two buffers that dynamically assigns transmission slots on the outgoing link to the two buffers. Rate-distortion side information is used to perform RD-optimized frame dropping in case of node overload. Sharing the data rate on the outgoing link between the conversational and the streaming videos is done either based on the fullness of the two associated buffers or on the mean incoming rates of the respective videos. Simulation results showed that our proposed RD-optimized frame dropping and scheduling approach provides significant improvements in performance over the popular priority-based random dropping (PRD) technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)864-872
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Zhejinag University: Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


  • Conversational video
  • Distortion matrix
  • Hint tracks
  • Rate-distortion optimization
  • Resource assignment
  • Scheduling
  • Streaming video
  • Video frame dropping


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