Redox-controlled interconversion between trigonal prismatic and octahedral geometries in a monodithiolene tetracarbonyl complex of tungsten

Yong Yan, Perumalreddy Chandrasekaran, Joel T. Mague, Serena Debeer, Stephen Sproules, James P. Donahue

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The tetracarbonyl compounds [W(mdt)(CO) 4] (1) and [W(Me 2pipdt)(CO) 4] (2) both have dithiolene-type ligands (mdt 2- = 1,2-dimethyl-1,2-dithiolate; Me 2pipdt = 1,4-dimethylpiperazine-2,3-dithione) but different geometries, trigonal prismatic (TP) and octahedral, respectively. Structural data suggest an ene-1,2-dithiolate ligand description, hence a divalent tungsten ion, for 1 and a dithioketone ligand, hence W(0) oxidation state, for 2. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations on 1 show the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) to be a strong W-dithiolene π bonding interaction and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) its antibonding counterpart. The TP geometry is preferred because symmetry allowed mixing of these orbitals via a configuration interaction (CI) stabilizes this geometry over an octahedron. The TP geometry for 2 is disfavored because W-dithiolene π overlap is attenuated because of a lowering of the sulfur content and a raising of the energy of this ligand π orbital by the conjugated piperazine nitrogen atoms in the Me 2pipdt ligand. A survey of the Cambridge Structural Database identifies other W(CO) 4 compounds with pseudo C 4v disposition of CO ligands and suggests a d 4 electron count to be a probable common denominator. Reduction of 1 induces a geometry change to octahedral because the singly occupied molecular orbital (SOMO) is at lower energy in this geometry. The cyclic voltammogram of 1 in CH 2Cl 2 reveals a reduction wave at -1.14 V (vs Fc +/Fc) with an unusual offset between the cathodic and the anodic peaks (δE p) of 0.130 V, which is followed by a second, reversible reduction wave at -1.36 V with δE p = 0.091 V. The larger δE p observed for the first reduction is evidence of the trigonal prism-to-octahedron geometry change attending this process. Tungsten L 1-edge X-ray absorption (XAS) data indicate a higher metal oxidation state in 1 than 2. Electron paramagnetic resonance data for [1] - and [2] - are both diagnostic of dithiolene ligand-based sulfur radical, indicating that one-electron reduction of 1involves two-electron reduction of tungsten and one-electron oxidation of dithiolene ligand.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-361
Number of pages16
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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