Chemoresistance is one of the major challenges for cancer treatment, more recently ascribed to defective mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP), significantly diminishing chemotherapeutic agent-induced apoptosis. A boron-dipyrromethene (BODIPY) chromophore-based triarylsulfonium photoacid generator (BD-PAG) was used to target mitochondria with the aim to regulate mitochondrial pH and further depolarize the mitochondrial membrane. Cell viability assays demonstrated the relative biocompatibility of BD-PAG in the dark while live cell imaging suggested high accumulation in mitochondria. Specific assays indicated that BD-PAG is capable of regulating mitochondrial pH with significant effects on mitochondrial membrane depolarization. Therapeutic tests using chlorambucil in combination with BD-PAG revealed a new strategy in chemoresistance suppression.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry