RELDEC: Reinforcement Learning-Based Decoding of Moderate Length LDPC Codes

Salman Habib, Allison Beemer, Jorg Kliewer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this work we propose RELDEC, a novel approach for sequential decoding of moderate length low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. The main idea behind RELDEC is that an optimized decoding policy is subsequently obtained via reinforcement learning based on a Markov decision process (MDP). In contrast to our previous work, where an agent learns to schedule only a single check node (CN) within a group (cluster) of CNs per iteration, in this work we train the agent to schedule all CNs in a cluster, and all clusters in every iteration. That is, in each learning step of RELDEC an agent learns to schedule CN clusters sequentially depending on a reward associated with the outcome of scheduling a particular cluster. We also modify the state space representation of the MDP, enabling RELDEC to be suitable for larger block length LDPC codes than those studied in our previous work. Furthermore, to address decoding under varying channel conditions, we propose agile meta-RELDEC (AM-RELDEC) that employs meta-reinforcement learning. The proposed RELDEC scheme significantly outperforms standard flooding and random sequential decoding for a variety of LDPC codes, including codes designed for 5G new radio.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5661-5674
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Artificial intelligence
  • channel coding
  • reinforcement learning (RL)
  • wireless communication


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