We study the thermalization of the classical Klein-Gordon equation under a u4 interaction. We numerically show that even in the presence of strong nonlinearities, the local thermodynamic equilibrium state exhibits a weakly nonlinear behavior in a renormalized wave basis. The renormalized basis is defined locally in time by a linear transformation and the requirement of vanishing wave-wave correlations. We show that the renormalized waves oscillate around one frequency, and that the frequency dispersion relation undergoes a nonlinear shift proportional to the mean square field. In addition, the renormalized waves exhibit a Planck-like spectrum. Namely, there is equipartition of energy in the low-frequency modes described by a Boltzmann distribution, followed by a linear exponential decay in the high-frequency modes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - Apr 25 2011|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics