Residual stresses in oscillating thoracic arteries reduce circumferential stresses and stress gradients

H. R. Chaudhry, B. Bukiet, A. Davis, A. B. Ritter, T. Findley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of residual stresses and strains in the oscillating arteries on the stress distribution in the vascular wall. We employ a static theory of large elastic deformations for orthotropic material with the acceleration term added to make the theory dynamic. We use the static elastic parameters of residual stresses in our analysis because the dynamic parameters are not available in the literature. Our analysis reveals that the effect of considering the residual stresses is to decrease the very large circumferential stresses at the inner wall by 62% and reduces the stress gradient through the arterial wall by 94% compared to the case when residual stresses are ignored. Thus, because the arteries do contain residual stresses, the consequent lower stresses at the inner wall and the reduced stress gradient may reduce the progression of atheroma. Our computations show that the stress gradients do not depend on the heart rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-62
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Rehabilitation

Keywords

  • Arteries
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Oscillations
  • Residual stresses

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