The use of microscale flexible mechanical energy storage devices, instead of traditional electrochemical energy storage devices based on supercapacitors and Li-ion batteries, is highly considered for portable electronics, actuators, and meso-micro scale systems. The selection of resilient and robust building blocks is the first step for high energy-density mechanical energy storage system. Herein, alternative aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene were effectively sandwiched into freestanding sp2 all-carbon hybrids, rendering the excellent loading transfer in the three-dimensional framework. The millimeter-scale aligned CNT/graphene sandwiches could be repeatedly compressed at high strains (ε>90%), with a highest energy absorption density of 237.1kJkg-1, an ultrahigh power density of 10.4kWkg-1, and a remarkable efficiency of 83% during steady operation, providing novel nanocomposites with outstanding mechanical energy storage performance comparable to electrochemical batteries and bridging nanoscopic structures to micro- and mesoscale applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Carbon nanotube
- Energy storage
- Hierarchical nanostructures