Reversible data hiding in encrypted H.264/AVC video streams

Dawen Xu, Rangding Wang, Yun Qing Shi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Scopus citations


Reversible data hiding in the encrypted domain is an emerging technology because of the privacy-preserving requirements from cloud data management. In this paper, a reversible data hiding scheme in encrypted H.264/AVC video streams is proposed. During H.264/AVC encoding, the intra-prediction mode (IPM), motion vector difference (MVD), and residue coefficients' signs are encrypted using a standard stream cipher. Then, the data-hider, who does not know the original video content, may reversibly embed secret data into the encrypted H.264/AVC video based on histogram-shifting of residue coefficients. With an encrypted video containing hidden data, data extraction can be carried out either in encrypted or decrypted domain. In addition, real reversibility is realized, that is, data extraction and video recovery are free of any error. Experimental results demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of the proposed scheme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDigital-Forensics and Watermarking - 12th International Workshop, IWDW 2013, Revised Selected Papers
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9783662438855
StatePublished - 2014
Event12th International Workshop on Digital-Forensics and Watermarking, IWDW 2013 - Auckland, New Zealand
Duration: Oct 1 2013Oct 4 2013

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume8389 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Other12th International Workshop on Digital-Forensics and Watermarking, IWDW 2013
Country/TerritoryNew Zealand

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


  • H.264/AVC
  • Privacy protection
  • Reversible data hiding
  • Video encryption


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