Review of Four-Wave Mixing and Phase Conjugation in Plasmas

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19 Scopus citations


Four-wave mixing (FWM) in plasmas and its applications to phase conjugation (PC) and plasma diagnostics have been extensively studied. Plasmas have received considerable attention, since they become more efficient four-wave mixing and phase conjugation mediums at longer wavelengths (far-infrared ~ 10 µm to radiowave ~ 10 m) for which there are few other nonlinear mediums. In addition, FWM shows great potential as a plasma diagnostic. In this paper, recent advances in the experimental and theoretical study of FWM and PC in plasmas are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-564
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1991
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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