Rheological study of the mixture of acetaminophen and polyethylene oxide for hot-melt extrusion application

Herman Suwardie, Peng Wang, David B. Todd, Viral Panchal, Min Yang, Costas G. Gogos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


There is a growing interest of extrusion drug and polymer together to manufacture various solid dosages. In those cases, the drug's release profiles are greatly affected by the miscibility of two materials. The goal of this study is to test the drug's solubility in molten polymer and obtain the mixture's rheological properties for the purpose of optimizing the extrusion process. The dynamic and steady viscosities of APAP-PEO mixture were determined using oscillatory and capillary rheometers. The curves of viscosity vs. drug loading generally have a "V" shape, and the minimal point gives the APAP's solubility in PEO. The test results suggest that different dynamic methods lead to essentially the same solubility data. At high shear rates, the mixtures show shear thinning behavior and the viscosity becomes less sensitive to the drug loading. In other words, it is desirable to use a low shear rate in order to deduce the drug's solubility in polymer from the viscosity data. On the other hand, viscosity data at high shear rates are more representative of the materials' rheological properties during extrusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)506-512
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Pharmaceutical Science


  • Hot-melt extrusion
  • Rheology
  • Rheometer
  • Solubility
  • Viscoelasticity
  • Viscosity


Dive into the research topics of 'Rheological study of the mixture of acetaminophen and polyethylene oxide for hot-melt extrusion application'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this