Rigidity of Branching Microstructures in Shape Memory Alloys

Theresa M. Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We analyze generic sequences for which the geometrically linear energy Eη(u,χ):=η-23∫B1(0)|e(u)-∑i=13χiei|2dx+η13∑i=13|Dχi|(B1(0))remains bounded in the limit η→ 0. Here e(u):=1/2(Du+DuT) is the (linearized) strain of the displacement u, the strains ei correspond to the martensite strains of a shape memory alloy undergoing cubic-to-tetragonal transformations and the partition into phases is given by χi: B1(0) → { 0 , 1 }. In this regime it is known that in addition to simple laminates, branched structures are also possible, which if austenite was present would enable the alloy to form habit planes. In an ansatz-free manner we prove that the alignment of macroscopic interfaces between martensite twins is as predicted by well-known rank-one conditions. Our proof proceeds via the non-convex, non-discrete-valued differential inclusion e(u)∈⋃1≤i≠j≤3conv{ei,ej},satisfied by the weak limits of bounded energy sequences and of which we classify all solutions. In particular, there exist no convex integration solutions of the inclusion with complicated geometric structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1707-1783
Number of pages77
JournalArchive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analysis
  • Mathematics (miscellaneous)
  • Mechanical Engineering


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