Robotic assembly of printed circuit boards with component feeder location consideration

Pius J. Egbelu, Chung Te Wu, Rajiv Pilgaonkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The use of industrial robots for the assembly of printed circuit boards (PCB) is fast gaining popularity. Minimization of the time required for board assembly while maintaining production quality is the process planner’s main task. This task involves the specification of the insertion sequence of components in their respective locations and the assignment of component types to feeders or dispensing magazine slots. The time taken by a robot to fetch a component for insertion is dependent on the location of the feeder that holds the component type. Similarly, board assembly lime is dependent on the order of component insertion on the board and the fetch time of components between insertions. In this paper, models to minimize the total assembly time for a board are developed and studied. Factors considered in the analysis of the assembly time are the component assignment to magazine feeders and the sequencing ofcomponent placement on the board. Themodel saredevelo pedunder four separate assembly station designs. Solution so btained under these four operating scenarios suggest that the case in which both the boardand the magazine move yields the best results in terms of lower assembly time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-175
Number of pages14
JournalProduction Planning and Control
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


  • Assembly
  • Industrial robot
  • Magazine
  • Printed circuit boards
  • Sequencing


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