Understanding of HIV-1 neuropathogenesis and development of rationale therapeutic approaches requires relevant animal models. The putative mechanisms of neuroinflammatory and neurotoxic events triggered by HIV-1 brain infection are reflected by a number of rodent models. These include transgenic animals (either expressing viral proteins or pro-inflammatory factors), infection with murine retroviruses, and severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice reconstituted with human lymphocytes and injected intracerebrally with HIV-1-infected human monocyte-derived macrophages. The potential importance and limitations of the models in reflecting human disease are discussed with emphasis on their utility for development of therapies to combat HIV-1-associated neurologic impairment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Rodent model
- Severe combined Immunodeficient