We consider, computationally and experimentally, the scaling properties of force networks in the systems of circular particles exposed to compression in two spatial dimensions. The simulations consider polydisperse and monodisperse particles, both frictional and frictionless, and in experiments we use monodisperse and bidisperse frictional particles. While for some of the considered systems we observe consistent scaling exponents describing the behavior of the force networks, we find that this behavior is not universal. In particular, we find that frictionless systems, independently of whether they partially crystallize under compression or not, show scaling properties that are significantly different compared to the frictional disordered ones. The findings of nonuniversality are confirmed by explicitly computing fractal dimension for the considered systems. The results of the physical experiments are consistent with the results obtained in simulations of frictional disordered systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics