Transition-metal-based systems show promising binding energy for hydrogen storage but suffer from clustering problem. The effect of light transition metal (M = Sc, Ti) decoration, boron substitution on the hydrogen storage properties of MOF-5, and clustering problem of metals has been investigated using ab initio density functional theory. Our results of solid-tate calculations reveal that whereas Ti clusters strongly Sc atoms do not suffer from this problem when decorating MOF-5. Boron substitution on metal-decorated MOF-5 enhances the interaction energy of both the metals with MOF-5. Sc-decorated MOF-5 shows a hydrogen storage capacity of 5.81 wt % with calculated binding energies of 20-40 kJ/mol, which ensures the room-temperature applicability of this hydrogen storage material.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- General Energy
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films