Scheduling of inbound and outbound trucks in cross docking systems with temporary storage

Wooyeon Yu, Pius J. Egbelu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

264 Scopus citations


Cross docking is a warehouse management concept in which items delivered to a warehouse by inbound trucks are immediately sorted out, reorganized based on customer demands, routed and loaded into outbound trucks for delivery to customers without the items being actually held in inventory at the warehouse. If any item is held in storage, it is usually for a brief period of time that is generally less than 24 hours. This way, the turnaround times for customer orders, inventory management cost, and warehouse space requirements are reduced. One of the objectives for cross docking systems is how well the trucks can be scheduled at the dock and how the items in inbound trucks can be allocated to the outbound trucks to optimize on some measure of system performance. The objective of this research is to find the best truck docking or scheduling sequence for both inbound and outbound trucks to minimize total operation time when a temporary storage buffer to hold items temporarily is located at the shipping dock. The product assignment to trucks and the docking sequences of the inbound and outbound trucks are all determined simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-396
Number of pages20
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Computer Science
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Information Systems and Management


  • Cross docking
  • Distribution center
  • Inventory
  • Receiving
  • Shipping


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