Screen Printing to 3D Printing of Solar Cells—An Overview

Vishal R. Mehta, Nuggehalli M. Ravindra

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Scopus citations


The share of photovoltaics (PV) in the global energy market has been steadily increasing in the last decade. The PV industry has been innovative in the use of technology and resources in developing advanced cell designs. This work will focus on the evolution of printing techniques from contact lithography to 3D printing of solar cell components. Printing techniques face unique challenges as solar cells become thin (<90 μm), lighter, larger size, with demands on increased manufacturing throughput and lower manufacturing costs. Inefficient printing techniques can limit higher cell throughput. An overview of the range of printing techniques such as screen printing, stencil printing, light-induced plating, and ink jet printing will be presented. This study will also discuss the market share of various printing technologies. Recent advances in the use of additive manufacturing of solar cells will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTMS 2020 149th Annual Meeting and Exhibition Supplemental Proceedings
EditorsZhiwei Peng, Jiann-Yang Hwang, Jerome Downey, Dean Gregurek, Baojun Zhao, Onuralp Yucel, Ender Keskinkilic, Tao Jiang, Jesse White, Morsi Mahmoud
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783030362959
StatePublished - 2020
Event149th Annual Meeting and Exhibition of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, TMS 2020 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Feb 23 2020Feb 27 2020

Publication series

NameMinerals, Metals and Materials Series
ISSN (Print)2367-1181
ISSN (Electronic)2367-1696


Conference149th Annual Meeting and Exhibition of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, TMS 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


  • Photovoltaics
  • Rapid prototyping
  • Screen printing


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