In this work, model-based methods are employed, along with machine learning techniques, to classify sediments in oceanic environments based on the geoacoustic properties of a two-layer seabed. Two different scenarios are investigated. First, a simple low-frequency case is set up, in which the acoustic field is modeled with normal modes. Four different hypotheses are made for seafloor sediment possibilities, and these are explored using both various machine learning techniques and a simple matched-field approach. For most noise levels, the latter has an inferior performance to the machine learning methods. Second, the high-frequency model of the scattering from a rough, two-layer seafloor is considered. Again, four different sediment possibilities are classified with machine learning. For higher accuracy, one-dimensional convolutional neural networks are employed. In both cases, the machine learning methods, both in simple and more complex formulations, lead to effective sediment characterization. The results assess the robustness to noise and model misspecification of different classifiers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics