SemanticTraj: A New Approach to Interacting with Massive Taxi Trajectories

Shamal Al-Dohuki, Yingyu Wu, Farah Kamw, Jing Yang, Xin Li, Ye Zhao, Xinyue Ye, Wei Chen, Chao Ma, Fei Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Massive taxi trajectory data is exploited for knowledge discovery in transportation and urban planning. Existing tools typically require users to select and brush geospatial regions on a map when retrieving and exploring taxi trajectories and passenger trips. To answer seemingly simple questions such as "What were the taxi trips starting from Main Street and ending at Wall Street in the morning?" or "Where are the taxis arriving at the Art Museum at noon typically coming from?", tedious and time consuming interactions are usually needed since the numeric GPS points of trajectories are not directly linked to the keywords such as "Main Street", "Wall Street", and "Art Museum". In this paper, we present SemanticTraj, a new method for managing and visualizing taxi trajectory data in an intuitive, semantic rich, and efficient means. With SemanticTraj, domain and public users can find answers to the aforementioned questions easily through direct queries based on the terms. They can also interactively explore the retrieved data in visualizations enhanced by semantic information of the trajectories and trips. In particular, taxi trajectories are converted into taxi documents through a textualization transformation process. This process maps GPS points into a series of street/POI names and pick-up/drop-off locations. It also converts vehicle speeds into user-defined descriptive terms. Then, a corpus of taxi documents is formed and indexed to enable flexible semantic queries over a text search engine. Semantic labels and meta-summaries of the results are integrated with a set of visualizations in a SemanticTraj prototype, which helps users study taxi trajectories quickly and easily. A set of usage scenarios are presented to show the usability of the system. We also collected feedback from domain experts and conducted a preliminary user study to evaluate the visual system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7534822
Pages (from-to)11-20
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

Keywords

  • Name Query
  • Semantic Interaction
  • Taxi Document
  • Taxi Trajectories
  • Text Search Engine
  • Textualization

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